Ghouta chemical attack on 21 August 2013
The Ghouta chemical attack occurred on 21 August 2013 during the Syrian Civil War, when several opposition-controlled or disputed areas of the Ghouta suburbs of the Markaz Rif Dimashq district around Damascus, Syria, were struck by rockets containing the chemical agent sarin. Hundreds were killed in the attack, which took place over a short span of time in the early morning. Estimates of the death toll range from ‘at least 281 to 1,729 fatalities, not less than 51 of whom were rebel fighters. The incident may be the deadliest use of chemical weapons since the Iran–Iraq War.
Doctors Without Borders who were operating three hospitals in the eastern Damascus region, which received roughly 3,600 patients over less than three hours on after the attack.
Vomiting, foamy salivation, severe agitation, dyspnea, neurological convulsions, respiratory and heart failure, blood out of the nose and mouth and, hallucinations, memory loss, headaches and nausea, foam coming out of [victims’] mouths and noses, a smell something like vinegar and rotten eggs, suffocation, bodies [that] were turning blue, a smell like cooking gas and redness and itching of the eyes, convulsions, excessive saliva, pinpoint pupils, blurred vision, respiratory distress, muscle spasms and frothing at the mouth. People who were sleeping in their homes [who] died in their beds.
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Ghouta chemical attack