The gravity, scale and nature of these violations reveal a state that does not have any parallel in the contemporary world.
Freedom of thought, expression and religion
State surveillance permeates the private lives of all citizens to ensure that virtually no expression critical of the political system or its leadership goes undetected
Discrimination remains a major means for the leadership to maintain control against perceived threats, both internal and external.
Freedom of movement
Repatriated women who are pregnant are regularly subjected to forced abortions, and babies born to repatriated women are often killed.
The state’s monopolisation of access to food has been used as an important means to enforce political loyalty.
Detention, torture, execution and prison camps
Public executions and enforced disappearance to political prison camps serve as the ultimate means to terrorise the population into submission.